It should be noted that the police are designated as an essential service. This weakens a union by removing its most powerful bargaining instrument – its ability to strike. So we have to be particularly careful with our relationship. The Vancouver Police Union received its charter from the Trades and Labour Council (TLC) as the Vancouver Police Federal Association, Local 12, on July 15, 1918, making it the second largest union police force in Canada. Unlike many other police unions, the UPV survived the counter-reaction against police organizations after the British police strikes of 1918 and 1919, the Boston strike and the Winnipeg general strike in 1919. Police unions have been banned in many legal systems and subsequently reduced to “police associations”. As a result, the VPU was the first police union to be certified in 1945 under the new industrial relations regime and remained one of the few rank and file police organizations to be covered by labour law. It has therefore had an advantage in collective bargaining with issues such as mandatory arbitration in disputes with the administration compared to other police organizations.  Bruce J.A.
emphasizes that arbitrators who simply use external wage parity to resolve wage disputes distort the collective bargaining process. Wage parity is a formal term for similarity in wages. In other words, the arbitrator cannot simply say medicine the police should pay x because the Toronto police paid X. Ignore or minimize the impact of local economic conditions on police salaries disadvantage two groups: small municipalities and police officers of the big city. But if police work was the responsibility of such specialized labour laws and the former arbitrators and judges had not left for so long to stress the need to take into account local economic conditions on police salaries. That is why I imagine that the work of the police is somewhere in the middle of this spectrum, where we should again see wage parity mitigated by local economic conditions. We know that modern policing is brutally difficult. The Canadian Police Association says its members are facing a higher workload. I got a taste of it at a police ride in December 2019.
The police go from call to appeal. It is a long, difficult day of work and there is good evidence that police work is becoming more and more difficult. It is also becoming increasingly difficult to recruit police officers to work at Medicine Hat. But if it is not enough to pay the local police more than Toronto`s salaries to attract the right people, there is obviously something else going on that we should address. “Arbitrators should in any event “point” to external wage parity, as this would stifle free collective bargaining and would never allow for local economic concerns, regardless of the seriousness of the regulation or the influence on wage agreements.